We take a leap in history to the time of the Phoenicians and Punians , who expanded their respective empires from the North African coast. The Phoenician phase began in the 9th century BC. And lasted until about 550 BC. Your famous center of power, Carthage, on what is now the Tunisian coast, is only 100 kilometers from Sardinia. That in the 9th century BC Nora , founded by the Phoenicians in the south of the island, is probably the oldest city in Sardinia and definitely worth a trip for those interested in archeology. The same applies to the ancient ruins of Tharros in the west on the Sinis peninsula around 20 kilometers from Oristano. The Phoenician followed until the 3rd century BC. The Punic phase. They defended themselves at the sea battle of Alalia in 540 BC. BC not only abolished the Greek attempts to seize power in Corsica, but also made Sardinia the granary of their empire. The Punians were a people of traders and seafarers and consequently never penetrated inland of the island, so that the indigenous peoples were able to preserve much of their proud culture.
The Romans took over from 238 BC. The rule on sardines. However, only after revolts and mutinies broke out among the Punic troops, as before in North Africa.
After the Romans, the Germanic peoples followed. More precisely, the Vandals, who ruled Sardinia for only 80 years from 455 to 534 AD. This was followed by the Byzantines, i.e. the Eastern Roman Empire, under whose influence the island’s cultural and economic development did not, however, make great leaps. Byzantine rule only ended after numerous attacks by the Arabs around 832, which in turn were finally driven out by the fleets of Genoa and Pisas in 1016.